Tag Archives: FATCA

Solving US Citizenship Problems- Vancouver May 23, Geneva June 7, Dublin June 8, & London UK June 16 2017

Vancouver BC – Tuesday, May 23, 2017 Details below

Geneva CH Wednesday, June 7, 2017- Details TBA

Dublin IE – Thursday, June 8, 2017 – Details TBA

London UK – Friday, June 16, 2017 Details TBA

Have you received a FATCA letter or been warned of the consequences of being a U.S. person?

New this year in the U.S. assault on people and countries outside its borders, is the “second wave” of reporting – the “entity” reporting. This is nothing less than every financial entity – any corporation, non-profit corporation, your Canadian controlled-private corporation (CCPC), any fund with shareholders-is fair game for an associated financial lender, bank etc to ask:

“Who are your clients, shareholders? Are they, or have they ever been, U.S. citizens?”

If so, they need to fill out a US tax form. (W8-no withholding for non-US taxpayers or W9-for withholding on US taxpayers) to be kept on file with the bank.

My financial advisor indicated he now realized I had not exagerrated the extent of this U.S. interference in Canada. He now has to ask each and every new client, regardless of what they are buying,

“Are you, or have you ever been, a U.S. citizen?”

Utterly outrageous.

Why am I getting letters from my bank all of a sudden?

The “FATCA Hunt” – the hunt for U.S. persons (whatever that is) began on July 1, 2014 which was “Canada Day”. Although both the definition of “U.S. person” and whether one meets the definition is not always clear, the search has begun. The level of FATCA awareness has begun. Some organizations are actively warning people that “U.S. Personness” matters. The purpose of the warning is presumably to encourage people to ”come clean” and deal with their U.S. tax situations. In some cases, there is no particular warning – just a letter indicating that they are suspected to be a “U.S. person”. Often one must prove to the institution sending the letter that one is not a U.S. person.

What individuals are U.S. taxpayers? Who is a U.S. citizen?

There are individuals that the U.S. government would define as “U.S. citizens” who:

do NOT agree that they are U.S. citizens because they have performed a “relinquishing act” under applicable U.S. laws;
do NOT even know that they may be U.S. citizens because they have never lived in the United States
are citizens and residents of countries that do NOT allow multiple citizenships
To put it another way: one’s status as a U.S. citizen is NOT always clear.

I have never heard of these requirements! What determines the income that must be reported to the IRS? What “Information Returns” are required to be reported to the IRS?

FBAR (Now called FinCen 114)
FATCA 8938 – Report of Specified Foreign Assets
5471 – Information return for Foreign Corporation
3520 – Information return for a “Foreign Trust”
3520A – related to the 3520
8621 – for mutual funds
8965 – for exemption regarding ACA (“Obamacare”)
I am only a snowbird! Why does this affect me?

Substantial Presence Test
Form 8840 Closer Connection Exception Statement for Aliens
Caution: Streamlined Programs & 35 day rule – Catch 22

What are the ways I can become compliant?

Offshore Voluntary Disclosure Program – AKA “OVDP – Not appropriate for the vast majority of people
Streamlined Compliance – A pre-packaged way to “clean up” past compliance problems
Obeying the law – filing amended tax returns outside the “IRS Created” programs
Delinquent FBAR Submission Procedures

What costs are involved in renouncing U.S. citizenship?

The costs of a total of 6 years (5 years prior the year of renuncation plus the year of renunciation) of tax compliance and information returns
The cost of any back taxes and penalties
A $2350 administrative fee
Possibility of having to pay an “Exit Tax” (which can be the biggest problem)

VANCOUVER BC
WHEN: Tuesday, May 23, 2017 1:00 – 3:00 pm
WHERE: 1010 Richards Street, Vancouver B C V6B 3E4 (Downtown) MAP
Richards & Nelson, Gallery Condo Building, Amenity Room, Entrance at REAR of BLDG on lane.
Metered parking on street or lot at Richards & Smithe. Canada Line – Yaletown stop.
Expo & Millenium lines – Granville Station.
ADMISSION:PLEASE REGISTER IN ADVANCE by email to john at citizenshipsolutions dot ca
COST: $20 payable in cash at the door

Information presented is NOT intended or offered as legal or accounting advice specific to your situation.

Dual Citizens of Sweden, France, Netherlands, Denmark & Canada take note! Your Country WILL NOT Collect for the U.S.

cross-posted from citizenshiptaxation.ca

Last week in my email was a link to an article by Michael J DeBlis (unable to determine whether it was the father or the son). It runs in my memory that prior to the launch of the Tax Connections website, the younger Michael had started a blog that was specifically about expatriate issues and many of us joined and took part. He seemed particularly sympathetic and supportive of our plight and one who I would never have labelled a “condor.” And this post is in no way meant to be demeaning.

Imagine my surprise to read this:

Consider the following example. Pierre is a dual citizen of the U.S. and Canada who presently resides in Montreal. He has fastidiously filed U.S. and Canadian tax returns for the last ten years. Following an audit of his 2012 U.S. tax return, the IRS determined that there was a $ 20,000 deficiency and mailed him a notice of deficiency. Pierre timely filed a protest but Appeals found in favor of the IRS. Having failed to file a petition with the tax court, that deficiency soon became a $ 20,000 assessment.

The IRS now seeks to collect on its claim by imposing a tax lien on real estate owned by Pierre in Canada. Essentially, what the U.S. government is attempting to do is cajole collection officials from the Canadian Revenue Agency (Agence du revenue du Canada) to do its dirty work for it: namely, to collect Pierre’s unpaid U.S. taxes by enforcing an IRS tax lien on property located within Canada.

As incredible as this might sound, reliance upon a foreign taxing authority for assistance in collecting a tax judgment against a citizen of the requesting country is entirely permissible under the terms of the U.S.-Canadian Treaty. Of course, such a request must be accompanied by documents firmly establishing that the taxes have been finally determined.[ix]

Therefore, the Canadian Revenue Agency would have no choice but to enforce the lien and to collect the unpaid taxes. But what if Pierre filed a motion in a Canadian court to have the tax lien imposed by the Canadian Revenue Agency, at the behest of the IRS, set aside? Not surprisingly, the court would refuse Pierre’s request on the grounds that the imposition of the tax lien was proper under the terms of the treaty.

Continue reading

Interview with John Richardson

We were recently contacted by a group called Financial Repression Authority, who say they are ‘a research firm focused on macroprudential policies representing risks such as ring-fencing regulations (TATCA)’. www.financialrepressionauthority.com.

They included a YouTube link for an interview with John Richardson, mainly speaking about FATCA. As always, John is very articulate and factual and I enjoyed listening to it.

Financial Repression Authority’s introduction to the interview:

“Gordon T Long Interview of John Richardson on FATCA .. John Richardson is a citizenship lawyer with a focus on FATCA .. this is a U.S. regulation which forms a component of macroprudential policy around ring-fencing of capital – FATCA imposes 30% witholding for any payments originating from the U.S. going to overseas banks or accounts if those banks or specific end-destination acccounts are not “compliant” with FATCA reporting requirements .. this podcast covers: How citizenship taxation has made U.S. citizenship a disability in the modern world .. How the U.S. “Exit Tax” triggered by renouncing U.S. citizenship operates to confiscate non-U.S. assets outside the U.S. .. discussion on the capital controls nature of FATCA ..” 38 minutes

FATCA Summary Trial Filing

GINNY AND GWEN’S MOTION RECORD FOR AUGUST 4-5 SUMMARY TRIAL IS NOW POSTED ON OUR ADCS WEBSITE. SEE VOLUME 1, VOLUME 2, VOLUME 3, AND VOLUME 4.

We argue that the FATCA IGA enabling legislation is contrary to sections of the Income Tax Act and the Canada-US Tax Treaty. These are “technical” arguments that we feel are appropriate for a summary trial. Charter considerations could not be used in the summary trial (but would be used in the full trial if required).

We say:

“The Tax Treaty Issues [raised in the summary trial] are discreet and distinct from the other issues raised by the plaintiffs. The plaintiffs’ other grounds of complaint involve division of powers and Charter breaches. These issues are factually and legally distinct from the operation of the Canada-US Tax Treaty and its relationship to the Impugned Provisions. As a result, the matters addressed in this motion [the summary trial] will not be re-litigated in the Charter and division of powers aspect of the plaintiffs’ claim.

The Tax Treaty Issues will need to be adjudicated even if they are not decided summarily. If this Court finds against the plaintiffs on this summary trial motion, the range of issues to canvass at [full] trial will nevertheless be significantly narrowed. If the plaintiff prevails [there are many “depending ons”] in respect of its claims in this motion, it will likely be unnecessary to proceed with the other issues raised by the plaintiffs.”

The motion includes a request for:

An order in the nature of a permanent prohibitive injunction preventing the disclosure of taxpayer information to the United States by the Minister of National Revenue and her authorized representative(s) where:
a. the taxpayer information relates to a taxable period in which the tax payer was a citizen of Canada;
b. the taxpayer information is not shown to be relevant for carrying out the provisions of the Tax Treaty Act or the domestic tax laws of Canada or the United States; or
c. the disclosure of the taxpayer information subjects United States nationals resident in Canada to taxation and requirements connected therewith that are more burdensome than the taxation and requirements connected therewith to which Canadian nationals resident in Canada are subjected.

Our summary trial will be heard at Federal Court, 701 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, British Columbia, commencing on Tuesday, August 4, 2015 at 9:30 a.m. for a maximum duration of two days.

UPDATE On May 8, 2015, the Arvay-Gruber team filed the comprehensive Memorandum of Fact and Law.